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A Beginner's Guide to the Most Popular Coding Languages of 2024

10 Most popular programming languages you should learn in 2024. Get hands-on experience by solving key industrial issues with Techno Study.
Avoid squandering your time. If you are going to dedicate the time and energy necessary to learn most popular coding languages, you must ensure that the languages you choose are the most in-demand ones on the market.

Getting into (or moving up in) the field of software development requires nothing less than top academic performance. Several popular coding languages have emerged as essential tools for building a wide range of applications. Before diving into programming, you should familiarise yourself with the most popular, in-demand languages.

Are you stumped for a starting point? No need to stress; we've already done the legwork for you by analysing developer and industry data over the past few years to spot patterns and make judgements that will help you organise your programming education. This article will discuss the 10 top programming languages and provide tips on becoming proficient in each.

First, I'd like to go over the thought process that led to the compilation of this particular list. Our academic and industrial expertise helped us determine the most popular programming languages. We have two main research inquiries:

  • Which languages are popular at the moment?
  • Which are currently trendy and will be in high demand?
Before we dive deep into the top programming languages currently in demand, let’s have a look at some important tools and web frameworks based on the languages that we’re going to mention below:

Web Frameworks and Tools Based on Coding Languages

  • Selenium Webdriver
Selenium Webdriver is one of the essential software testing tools that allows you to do software tests across browsers. It supports several coding languages including Java, C#, Python, JavaScript, and others. This tool automates application and software testing processes. With Selenium Webdriver, you can choose different programming languages based on the software you’re testing to create the required test scripts.

  • GitHub
GitHub is a software development platform, essentially a code hosting platform that allows you and other developers to take control and track a software remotely. GitHub makes collaboration on software projects easier and convenient. The primary features of this code hosting tool include software version control through enhanced collaboration, file management, and a way of social networking for the developers.

  • Jenkins
Jenkins is an automation software that is widely used in DevOps methodology. It is based on Java OOP language and is used in CI/CD (continuous integration & continuous deployment) workflow. These workflows are called pipelines which automate the testing of software builds and detect the flaws in a code base, thus making it an important tool for SDET professionals.

After discussing different tools and frameworks, let's begin responding to the question: Which top programming languages are in demand? Here is the list of programming languages by popularity.
The Most Popular Programming Languages in 2023

The Most Popular Programming Languages in 2024

1. Java

What this language is used for:
  • E-commerce
  • Finance
  • App development
Java is a popular choice since it is an object-oriented language. Object-oriented programming involves the creation of data and functionality-rich "objects" that can be used to structure software applications and other programs.

Java has occupied the fifth slot on Stack Overflow's list of the most frequently used languages for the past two years and is currently the third-most sought-after programming language internationally among hiring managers.

Java is extremely popular for a good reason; it's simple to learn and use, has excellent security, and can manage enormous amounts of data. Java is widely used in the banking, billing, and stock market industries because of its conduciveness to online financial transactions.

However, the flexibility of the language is what attracts the majority of students. Java is marketed as a "write-once, run-anywhere" language because it can execute code on any OS, regardless of the OS used to create the code in the first place. It is, therefore, perfect for creating apps for various consumer goods, including remote processors, sensors, and devices other than smartphones and computers.

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2. Python

What this language is used for:
  • Back end development
  • Data Science
  • App development
In the world of programming, staying updated with the most popular coding languages is essential for developers looking to build cutting-edge applications. Python is a general-purpose programming language that enables programmers to employ a variety of programming paradigms when developing programmes (such as functional, object-oriented, reflective, etc.). Some of the most popular online services and products, like YouTube, Google Search, and iRobot robots, all owe their origins to Python. According to HackerRank, it is the second most sought-after programming language among American hiring managers, behind only Python.

Python's accessibility makes it a popular choice among programmers of all experience levels. The language comes with a sizable library to facilitate common commands and operations. The time spent writing and testing complex code pieces is greatly reduced due to its interactive capabilities.
With over 50% of hiring managers looking for applicants who know the language, Python is undoubtedly one of the most marketable and in-demand programming languages; nonetheless, even advanced users would benefit from adding Python to their mental inventory of programming languages.

3. JavaScript

What this language is used for:
  • Web development
  • Game development
  • Mobile apps
  • Building web servers
JavaScript is now the most widely used language in the world (69.7%), followed by HTML/CSS (62.4%), SQL (56.9%), Python (41.6%), and Java (38.4%), according to Stack Overflow's 2020 Developer Survey. Additionally, the programming language is hiring managers in the Americas to look for the most.

Web page behavior is manipulated using JavaScript. It allows developers to create interactive media for the web, such as moving pictures, maps, and buttons. Programmers can have more influence over a website and enhance its usability by combining HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Presently, JavaScript is the most widely used programming language in the world. Most browsers support it because it is one of the easiest languages to pick up. JavaScript is easy to learn and use, and you may start writing code immediately after you begin.

In addition, the language's popularity has resulted in the proliferation of several online communities, training programmes, and other avenues for expert guidance. The combination of this support and JavaScript's excellent usability places it at the top of our ranking of the most popular programming languages.

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4. C#

What this language is used for:
  • Game development
  • Desktop/web/mobile apps
  • VR
The C Sharp is one of the popular coding languages that belong to the class of object-oriented languages. Microsoft introduced C# in 2002, and it is still regarded as a highly regarded development of the C++ programming language.

C# is becoming increasingly popular as a general-purpose language for creating desktop and web apps; according to HackerRank, about one of every five hiring managers is seeking a developer who can code in C#. It's one of the most sought-after languages in the industry, but there are other perks to learning it in the next year.

C#, like many other popular languages, has a substantial community that welcomes and helps newcomers. For this reason, C# may be more accessible than more modern languages with less comprehensive documentation. In addition, C# is ideal for making the ever-growing variety of mobile games and apps. The odds are good that this adage will come in handy again down the road.

5. NoSQL

What this language is used for:
  • Database management
  • Sales reports
  • Business management
NoSQL, or Non-relational SQL, was developed to increase SQL's scalability while preserving the other language's ease of use.

It would help if you kept in mind that SQL uses relational databases and stream management systems, which store data in tables and enable users to edit and extract data. The opposite is true for NoSQL databases, which do not use traditional database table structures. They can be more beneficial than their forerunners for particular purposes, such as supporting massive, cloud-based apps or storing data in a hierarchical network.

These two languages rank highly on our list of the most popular coding languages because of their versatility.

6. SQL

What this language is used for:
  • Database management
  • Sales reports
  • Business management
SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a programming language used by developers for accessing and modifying database information. As a specialised language for working with relational database management systems, it is largely used for this purpose (relational database management system)., SQL can find and get information from a database and modify existing records.

SQL has many useful features, but it's not great at handling huge databases and works much better with smaller ones. Despite this, over half (54.7%) of the developers surveyed stated they use SQL, making it the third-most-popular programming language overall.

7. CSS

What this language is used for:
  • Web documents
  • Website development
  • Website design
Cascading style sheets (CSS) are used in tandem with a hypertext markup language (HTML) to determine a website's visual presentation. While CSS determines the size, colour, and positioning of every element on a website, HTML organises site text into chunks.

In CSS, any applied style will cascade down to all of the website's child elements, as indicated by the name's "cascading" part. After settling on the overall look of the site's parent, users can leverage this feature to avoid manually duplicating code elsewhere. Furthermore, users do not need to redo a web page to alter color because CSS and HTML are responsible for site organisation and aesthetics.

With CSS, novice programmers can safely dip their toes into programming. There is no reason not to learn CSS if you are starting with coding before moving on to more difficult languages!


What this language is used for:
  • Web documents
  • Website development
  • Website maintenance
Despite its intimidating moniker, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is one of the most accessible ways to learn how to code.

HTML is a markup language which controls the visual presentation of content on a web page. Plain-text web pages are often defined using HTML. With fewer capabilities than the other languages on this list, it is limited to producing and arranging text on a website. HTML encompasses not just paragraphs and links but also headings and sections.

According to Stack Overflow's survey of developers, HTML and CSS were the world's second-most popular programming languages in 2020.

9. Go

What this language is used for:
  • System/network programming
  • Audio/video editing
  • Big Data
Go programming language, developed by Google in 2007, is among the best of its kind. Go's strengths lie in its ability to handle several concurrent processes. It can also display more information than other programming languages because it has a larger vocabulary.

Go is a unique language that offers top-notch memory safety and management features yet use syntax comparable to C's. A significant amount of functionality and dynamism are also made possible by the language's structural typing features. Additionally, Go ranks highly on programmers' most-loved and most-wanted lists and causes a 33% pay raise.

10. Perl

What this language is used for:
  • System Administration
  • GUI development
  • Network programming
The most popular language on the market isn't Perl. Only 3.1% of developers used it in 2020, and it didn't even reach the list of languages used most frequently by Stack Overflow in 2019. There is, however, a valid reason why we suggest it. You may significantly improve developers that are familiar with Perl typically earn 54% more than the average developer, according to HackerRank. It is important to remember that most of these specialists are senior engineers who normally command a higher starting salary. Therefore, it may be hard to gauge a programming language's "more" value. However, a new programmer's career could benefit from learning a language like Perl.

The scripting language Perl, or the Practical Extraction and Report Language, is commonly used for these purposes. Perl is an interpreted language, where a third "interpreting" computer locates the code and performs an action, as opposed to many popular programming languages that are compiled languages, where a target machine translates the programme. However, because Perl is such a brief language, it generates small scripts that can be processed rapidly, whereas typically interpreted applications take more CPU.

11. Rust 

What this language is used for:
  • Operating systems
  • VR
  • Web browsers
Rust has consistently ranked high on Stack Overflow's lists of the most popular programming languages, with 86% of users indicating an interest in learning it. The fact that only 3% of developers who took the survey said they used Rust suggests that its many advantages are mostly unknown throughout the programming community at large. With Rust, developers are not limited to a single programming style, as the language supports multiple paradigms. It has a syntax similar to C++ but may be used for various tasks. Rust is a fantastic language to pick up if you're seeking faster compilation, more cross-platform capabilities, or better career possibilities.


Whether you're an experienced coder or just starting a business, learning a new language is one of the best ways to advance your career. But where should you begin your educational endeavors? Your first move will depend on you, your timetable, and the available resources.

For instance, a college program will provide you with a thorough education in programming theory and practice; however, the typical undergraduate degree also necessitates four years of full-time study and tens of thousands of dollars in tuition financing. When it comes to the most popular coding languages, the above list consistently ranks high, powering the interactive web experiences we use every day.

Consider an online coding bootcamp if you want a quicker and less expensive educational experience emphasizing skills-based learning. Within three to six months, coding boot camps give you the practical knowledge and language abilities needed to gain an entry-level position in the industry.

You could want to think about learning the necessary coding skills via tutorials, books, and online courses if you're seeking the least expensive educational course and don't mind self-teaching. However, while this choice offers many leeways and inexpensive learning, it may not be the best fit for youngsters who need an extra push in other areas. If you know you'll have trouble keeping yourself accountable, use one of the other strategies listed above instead.

Whatever direction you take, one thing is certain: the time to acquire new knowledge and embark on a career in coding has never been greater.

The above list of the most popular programming languages can assist you in starting your adventure!